The field of molecular biology examines the molecular underpinnings of biological activity between the numerous systems of a cell, including interactions between distinct DNA, RNA, and protein types as well as the production of these proteins, and how these interactions are controlled. It has a wide range of uses, including gene discovery, understanding disease molecular mechanisms, and developing new treatment methods based on gene cloning, expression, and regulation. Gene expression, epigenetics, chromatin structure and function, RNA processing, non-coding RNA roles, and transcription are among the research areas. Molecular biology, DNA replication, repair, and recombination, transcription, RNA processing, post-translational modification, proteomics, mutation, site-directed mutagenesis, epigenetics, chromatin structure and function, and molecular mechanisms of disease are currently the concepts of the most advanced research.
- Molecular Cloning
- Developmental biology